Sustainability transitions are contested. Building a large wind-power farm, for example, involves large-scale land changes, impacting people and ecological systems. As the world struggles to put itself on more sustainable footings, a whole range of approaches have emerged that promise to address multiple social, economic and environmental crises and emergencies. Sustainable mining, net-zero, circular economy, nature-based solutions or any other ‘good-sounding’ initiatives always have to be interrogated and questioned, understanding the paradoxes, contradictions and trade-offs within wider socio-ecological and politico-economic systems. One of my research foci is on understanding governance systems, understanding the dynamic interplay between business, government and civil society that operate within wider ecological systems.